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A Schedule II financial institution is a subsidiary of a overseas financial institution that’s permitted to do enterprise in Canada. Sometimes, the names of those banks mirror their overseas subsidiary nature, comparable to Citibank Canada and the Amex Financial institution of Canada.
A Schedule I financial institution is a home establishment such because the Royal Financial institution of Canada or Toronto-Dominion Financial institution. There are also Schedule III banks, that are branches of overseas establishments that do enterprise in Canada below the identical identify.
This method of presidency categorization of banks was formally discontinued in 2001. Oddly sufficient, nonetheless, the phrases stay broadly in use.
Schedule II banks are the commonest sort of financial institution in Canada, as most of the smaller credit score unions, trusts, and banks match into this class. Like all monetary establishments working in Canada, they’re regulated by the federal Financial institution Act.
Beneath Canada’s Invoice C-8, carried out on Oct. 24, 2001, the Schedule I and II financial institution classes have been changed with a brand new system based mostly on the establishment’s measurement.
Beneath this laws, establishments with greater than $5 billion in fairness are banned from permitting one particular person to personal greater than 20% of the voting shares or 30% of the non-voting shares.
Establishments with equities of $1 billion to $5 billion would not have this restriction however are required to have public possession of no less than 35% of voting shares. Establishments with below $1 billion in fairness don’t have any possession restrictions.
Though the Schedule I and II financial institution designations have thus been changed, these phrases are nonetheless broadly used to explain the 2 essential varieties of banks in Canada.
Canada’s Large Six are the Nationwide Financial institution of Canada, the Royal Financial institution of Canada, the Financial institution of Montreal, the Canadian Imperial Financial institution of Commerce, the Financial institution of Nova Scotia, and the Toronto-Dominion Financial institution.
Canada’s federal authorities has sole jurisdiction over banks, whereas credit score unions, securities sellers, and mutual funds are primarily regulated by provincial governments. Canada’s Financial institution Act outlines Schedules I, II, and III, which listing all banks permitted to function in Canada.
As a result of Schedule I banks are true home banks and never subsidiaries of a overseas financial institution, they’re the one companies which might be allowed to obtain, maintain, and implement safety curiosity as described within the Financial institution Act.
Schedule II banks are subsidiaries of a overseas financial institution which might be allowed to simply accept deposits, and Schedule III banks are overseas banks permitted to conduct enterprise in Canada.
The Schedule I banks are dominated by the Large Six Banks, the time period generally used to explain the Nationwide Financial institution of Canada, Royal Financial institution of Canada, Financial institution of Montreal, Canadian Imperial Financial institution of Commerce, Financial institution of Nova Scotia (Scotiabank), and Toronto-Dominion Financial institution (TD).
The Workplace of the Superintendent of Monetary Establishments (OSFI) is the regulator of Canadian banks. Monetary teams are additionally ruled by different regulatory our bodies together with securities regulators and insurance coverage regulators.
Financial institution of Canada. “Current Adjustments to Canada’s Monetary Sector Laws,” Web page 7. Accessed Jan. 19, 2021.
Financial institution of Canada. “Current Adjustments to Canada’s Monetary Sector
Laws,” Pages 7-8. Accessed Jan. 19, 2021.
Financial institution of Canada. “Current Adjustments to Canada’s Monetary Sector Laws,” Web page 8. Accessed Jan. 19, 2021.